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Who speaks the Hausa language?

Who speaks the Hausa language? Who speaks the Hausa language?

The Hausa language can be put as the most important indigenous language in the Central and West regions of Africa. The Hausa language is spoken by more than fifty million people. Moreover, the Hausa language is considered to be one of the most spoken languages in Africa.

Who speaks the Hausa language?

Origin of Hausa Tribe

The Hausa tribe implements the history of immigration and conquest. This nation is an incorporation of various tribes that have been joining to the original stock for hundreds of years. The Hausa tribe is united under the common religion – Islam and share the same Hausa language. The Hausa tribe in Nigeria historically migrated from the Hausa “Bakwai.” It`s the name of “true” seven states, where Daura is named the senior state.

Hausa legends

Who speaks the Hausa language?

According to the Hausa legends, the son of the king of Baghdad, Bayajida arrived in Daura. He was a hero who killed a snake that was blocking the passage to the town`s well. The Daura people named him their leader, and he married to the Queen. They had a son – Bawo, he was the progenitor of six sons and founded six states: Rano, kano, Gobir, Zazzau, Katsina, and Daura. Bawo had a brother from another mother, who created the seventh state – Biram.

Still, there are only theories about when the Hausa movement occurred. It`s still not identified the origin places of migrants. The Seven Habe kingdoms appeared on the map as a coalition of local people and strangers. The creation of Hausa land is connected with emerging of capital cities as the centers of the economy, production, and trade. They were different from the previous settlements in the West regions of Africa, and every city had a king as recognizable power.

Who speaks the Hausa language?

Who speaks the Hausa language?

Up to 1804, the Hausa land was ruled by Habe kings, until the Fulani conquered the kingdoms. Since then, the Hausa land was divided into the three tears:

  • The tear controlled by the Habe commoners.
  • The tear controlled by Fulani.
  • The tear controlled by appointive and dominative ruling class of Fulani.

In the Hausa tribe history, the Hausa had extensive involvement in the trade with Islam. They exchanged goods with the Southern Nigerian tribes, like Yoruba and Igbo, the nomadic Tuareg and Kanuri on the East. There are also other ethnic groups that share cultural orientations with the Hausa, like the Nupe, the Adar, the Zabarama and the Wangara. Due to colonial interference into the history of Africa, the Hausa people were used as slaves and were forcedly taken to the other parts of the world.

Origin of Hausa language

Origin of Hausa language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

Hausa is classified as the part of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages. Specifically, it`s related to the Chadic branch of the Western subdivision. The Afro-Asiatic family of languages consists of more than four hundred languages.

The Chadic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family consists of the languages located in the North-West part of Africa. Hausa is the most widespread language from the family. It`s used in the fields of commerce, education, trade, politics, finance, literature, and music.

The Hausa People

The Hausa People

Who speaks the Hausa language?

The term Hausa is largely referred to the specific group of African people who speaks the Hausa. The language is spoken by the millions of non-Hausa people in Africa. It serves as the communication language between tribes primarily between the South West Niger and the North West Nigeria. The Hausa people have deep connections with Islam. It has a tradition commerce route with Islam pilgrims who helps to spread the language throughout all Africa. The Hausa communities today can be found along the routes of Islam pilgrims and in the main cities of the West and North Africa.

History of Hausa language

History of Hausa language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

Early history

As it`s known from the legends and history, the Hausa people existed in the feudal states. Since the 14th century, the Hausa tribe took part in various conquering wars, where they the fall under the rule of various West-African kingdoms. Nevertheless, with time, the Hausa people managed to liberate themselves from the foreign reign.

Still, in the early 20th century, the Hausa faced the colonial regiment of the British Empire. With time, the Great Britain conquered Hausa lands and implemented them into the one system of indirect rule of a collective Hausa-Fulani power. In the middle of the 20th century, the Hausa joined the independence movement of Nigeria.

Influence of Islam in the Hausa Language

Influence of Islam in the Hausa Language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

According to the historians, the Hausa people were animists until they started communication with Islam countries. The Arab-speaking world changed many cultural and religion preferences of the Hausa tribe. Today, the large majority of the Hausa tribe practice Islam as their religion. The only minority that considered to be Hausa tribe, but practices another religion is called the Maguzawa. The contacts with the Arab-speaking world did not go unnoticed in the development of the Hausa language. The Islam pilgrims brought the development of the earliest forms of the written Hausa language.

Written Hausa language

Written Hausa language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

The Arab-speaking world influence in the Hausa tribe can be seen through the initially written script known as “Ajami.” It utilizes a modern Arabic alphabet. The British Empire influence implemented the new script for the Hausa language which is based on Latin. This script is known as “Boko,” which derives from the English word “book.” It`s now used in the primarily education and communication. Nevertheless, the Arabic script “Ajami” is also used in modern days, but it`s much less popular than “Boko.”

Key features of the Hausa language

Key features of the Hausa language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

The Hausa language is a tone language. It means that the pitch of syllables can greatly affect the meaning of a word. The written language indicates accent marks to indicate the tone is failing or rising. The Hausa language uses the primary similar to English word order as the subject-verbal-object basic structure. Different verbs forms can be created through the derivation and inflection. Changing the accents can also alter the meaning of some words.

The Hausa language and its Influences

The Hausa language and its Influences

Who speaks the Hausa language?

The significant number of loanwords come with the Arabic language, Tamajaq language, the Niger-Congo language of Mande and the Kanuri`s Nilo-Saharan language. The colonialism times provided new loanwords to the Hausa language. English is the primal language of Nigerian Hausa, while French is the primal spoken language of Niger Hausa. Both these languages significantly contributed to the development of the Hausa language. Nevertheless, the greatest percentage of the loanwords to the Hausa language comes from the Arabic language.

The Study of the Hausa Language

The Study of the Hausa Language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

The study of the Hausa language began in the 19th century. The Hausa language in works of Jakob Schons`s “Grammar of the Hausa Language,” Phillip J.Jagguar`s “Hausa,” Paul Newman`s “The Hausa Language: An Encyclopedic Reference Grammar” and Sergio Baidi`s “Systematic Hausa Bibliography.”

Modern Hausa Language

Modern Hausa Language

Who speaks the Hausa language?

The Hausa language is officially named the national language of Niger and Nigeria. Around 20 percent of the population of Niger and Around 30 percent of the population of Nigeria claim Hausa as their mother language. The Hausa language is one of the predominant languages in Nigeria. This country is also home for more than 500 different languages.

The Hausa language is also divided into dialects. There two main groups of dialects – Eastern and Northwestern. The “standard” Hausa language dialect is constructed on the dialect of Kano called the Koine. Kano is a grand Hausa trade and commerce center in Nigeria.

Interesting Hausa tribe facts

  • They do not show many emotions to strangers, but in the close family circle, they are quite open.
  • They live in large families who can include several generations.
  • Relatives tend to live near each other. Marriages between family members, like cousins, are preferred.
  • Women follow the rules of Islam, so they live very reclusive life.

 

 

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